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3671  General Category / Health and Fitness / How to cure a headache on: July 23, 2010, 01:23:49 PM
How to cure a headache

Here are some tips to cure headache...

- Squeeze the juice of a lemon in a cup of hot black tea. Sip slowly. This is known to give immediate relief.

- In case of headache caused by heat, the crust of lemon can come handy. Pound the lemon crusts into a fine paste in a mortar. Apply this on the forehead.

- You can even try applying a freshly pared-off rind of a lemon to each temple.

- Take your index finger and your thumb and squeeze the bridge of your nose while pressing down a little bit. Try to massage your temples, alternately. But don’t press too hard.

- Have some hot soup and try take a nap. Darken the room and switch off all noise.

- Getting a hot water bath is known to cure headaches too.

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3672  General Category / The Newsroom / An IIT, IISc-designed laptop for just Rs 1500 on: July 23, 2010, 12:31:07 PM
An IIT, IISc-designed laptop for just Rs 1500

NEW DELHI: More than five years after it was conceived by then education secretary Sudeep Banerjee to take on Nicholas Negroponte's $100 laptop and one-and-half years after his demise, HRD minister Kapil Sibal on Thursday unveiled access-cum-computing device priced at Rs 1500 or $35 for students but can be eventually owned by public at large.

The sleek-looking device -- a cross between I-Pad and tablet PC and charged by an equally sleeker solar panel -- is designed by experts at IIT, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. The upper price limit for the device is pegged at $35.

HRD ministry has made an open invitation to one and all to come up with more variants that fulfills specifications spelt out by it. The ministry has set up several separate teams, which are involved in bringing out their prototypes. In the next few months -- by then more innovations will emerge and even price can come down to $20 or $10 --- the ministry will issue an international expression of interest for manufacturing of these devices. "Initially manufacturing might be done in Taiwan or some other place but eventually it will be done in India," Sibal said. He said there are already enough offers for lower price. The $35 price, he said, is inclusive of cost of manufacturing abroad. However, the cost of the solar panel has not been factored into the price yet. The ministry is in talks with a company to bring down the cost of solar panels.

One reason for the low cost -- apart from the falling prices of chip -- is the sheer number of students who will get this device. Under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan alone, there are more than 11 crore children, who are the likely receipients. Add to that lakhs of aided and unaided schools in the primary and secondary sector. Even university student can use the machine. At the current price point of $35, Sibal said, there would be 50% subsidy toeducational institutions, which will effectively bring down the cost to only Rs 750. The initial order will be for no less than one lakh laptops.

Based on Open Source, the device does not have a hard-drive. It can not only support video-web conferencing facility, but also boasts of several other latest features -- multimedia content viewer (pdf, docx, ods, adp, xls, jpeg, gif,png, bmp, odt, zip, AVCHD, AVI, AC3), searchable Pdf reader, unzip tool for unzipping files, computing capabilities such as Open Office, SciLab for printing support, media player capable of playing streamed along with stored media files, USB port etc.
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3673  Fun Zone / Clean Jokes / Marriage commandments on: July 22, 2010, 09:48:06 PM
Marriage commandments


Commandment 1.

Marriages are made in heaven.
But so again, are thunder and lightning.

Commandment 2.

If you want your spouse to listen and
Pay strict attention to every word you say,
Talk in your sleep.

Commandment 3.

Marriage is grand --
And divorce is at least 100 grand!

Commandment 4.

Married life is very frustrating.
In the first year of marriage,
The man speaks and the woman listens.
In the second year, the woman speaks
And the man listens.
In the third year, they both speak and
The neighbours listen.

Commandment 5.

When a man opens the door of his car
For his wife, you can be sure of one thing:
Either the car is new or the wife is.

Commandment 6.

Marriage is when a man and woman
Become as one; the trouble starts when
They try to decide which one.

Commandment 7.

Before marriage, a man will lie awake
All night thinking about something you
Said. After marriage, he will fall asleep
Before you finish.

Commandment 8.

Every man wants a wife who is beautiful,
Understanding, economical, and a good
Cook. But the law allows only one wife.

Commandment 9.

Every woman wants a man who is handsome,
Understanding, economical and a considerate
Lover, but again, the law allows only
One husband.

Commandment 10.

Man is incomplete until he marries.
After that, he is finished.

Bonus Commandment story.

A long married couple came upon a wishing well.

The wife leaned over, made a wish and threw in a penny.

The husband decided to make a wish too.

But he leaned over too much, fell into the well, and drowned.
The wife was stunned for a moment but then smiled, "It really works!"
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3674  Image Zone / Amazing, Breathtaking, Cute, etc. / Amazing: The Law of the Wild on: July 22, 2010, 12:39:04 PM
Amazing: The Law of the Wild

The law of the wild says kill only when you are hungry!!!

Photographer Michel  Denis-Huot, who captured these amazing pictures on safari in  Kenya 's Masai Mara in  October last year, said he was astounded by what he saw:

"These three brothers (cheetahs) have been living together since they left their mother at  about 18 months old,' he said. 'On the morning we saw them, they  seemed not to be hungry, walking quickly but stopping sometimes to  play together. 'At one point, they met a group of impala who ran  away. But one youngster was not quick enough and the brothers  caught it easily'" and then seeing is beliving

These extraordinary  scenes  were caught in the camera .
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3675  General Category / The Newsroom / Taliban-style courts in God's Own Country on: July 21, 2010, 01:49:56 PM
Taliban-style courts in God's Own Country

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: 'Hotbed of terrorism' is not the usual label for Kerala. But intelligence gathered by disparate agencies over the last few years suggests the description may not be far off the mark. Confirmation of this came with the horrifying incident of July 4, when a college lecturer's right hand was chopped off in Moovattupuzha, a town in Eranakulam district.

The attack on T J Joseph was apparently in retaliation for setting a question paper that allegedly hurt Muslim sentiments. Police raids on offices of the Popular Front of India (PFI), whose activists are believed to be behind the attack, have exposed a well-oiled, pan-Islamist network fed by a heady mix of Wahhabism and hawala. Kerala's deep-rooted Gulf links also come in handy for the PFI.

The revelations of the last two weeks are startling. It includes al-Qaida training tapes, Taliban-style courts that dispense justice according to Shariat law, literature on conversion, explosives enough to kill dozens, and documents indicating unusual interest in the Indian Navy.

Sources say it was one of the PFI's Taliban-style 'courts' in Erattupettah in Kottayam district that decided Joseph's fate. There are 13 more across Kerala, discreetly exhorting members of the community to stay away from regular courts which are deemed "un-Islamic". The state police is now taking a fresh look at three murders in Kannur, including that of a police constable. There is some suspicion the killings were ordered by Taliban-style courts.

The policemen who seized the CDs from PFI offices later reported disgust and disbelief at videos showing brutal punishment – such as the severing of limbs – inflicted on "enemies of faith". Some shots had activists slaughtering animals, apparently to harden them. Kerala's descent to terror is not recent nor is it without political backing. For decades, both Congress and the Left have been soft on the more radical sections of the Muslim community leaving the moderates at the mercy of the extremists.

Radicalisation of the northern districts began in the 1990s. Fingerprints of the banned al-Umma, which was behind the Coimbatore bombings, were found to be all over the murder of three Hindu youth – in Malappuram, Palakkad and Thrissur – reportedly for having relations with Muslim women.

In July 1993, reformist Islamic scholar Moulavi Abdul Hassan Chekannur was abducted from his home and slaughtered allegedly by hardliners. That conspiracy is yet to be unravelled.

But perhaps the jihadi network first became really visible in Marad, a sleepy fishing hamlet in Kozhikode district. On May 2, 2003, eight Hindu fishermen were executed on the beach by a crack team, which appeared out of nowhere. It was said to be a revenge attack and the execution betrayed a chillingly high level of training. Fingers were pointed at the National Development Front (NDF), headed among others by P Koya, who was a founding member of SIMI, the banned Students Islamic Movement of India. But the trail went cold when it inexorably led to politicians.

Kerala's then A K Antony-led government as well as the Left turned down calls for a CBI investigation. A later inquiry by a judicial commission made reference to the alleged role of some leaders of the Indian Union Muslim League, a Congress ally.

The Left, which was in power when the report was tabled in the state assembly, saw political opportunity and swiftly agreed to a CBI probe. But the "independent" central probe agency expressed its unwillingness to take up the case, claiming that the passage of time – three years – meant the destruction of crucial evidence.

Police believe the NDF was never more than a front to accommodate members of the Islamic Sevak Sangh (ISS) – founded by radical cleric-turned-politician Abdul Nasser Madani – after it was proscribed. Even so, it managed to groom a dedicated cadre with jihadi leanings. In November 2006, the NDF merged with like-minded organizations – Manitha Neethi Pasarai of Tamil Nadu and the Karnataka Forum for Dignity – to form the PFI.

Barely two years later, Kerala's links with the global jihad became clear when four young Malayali men were killed in an encounter with security forces in Kashmir. They were en route to PoK for training. The incident brought some disquieting facts to light, not least the extensive recruitment of Kerala's young men for jihadi operations. Official estimates say as many as 300 young Malayalis were recruited from different parts of the state.

The state government sought to play it down, but then constituted a special inquiry by an anti-terrorism unit. Once again, the trail led to politicians of various hues and the investigation languished. It was finally handed over to the National Investigation Agency (NIA).

Bomb attacks across the country in the last decade have had a Malayali imprint. That includes the May 2008 Jaipur blasts, the serial bombings in Bangalore in July 2008 and then in Delhi in September. Yet, there has been little action on the ground.

Police officers accused of links with the organization remain free. Just recently, the Centre ordered an NIA probe into allegations that a senior IPS officer, Tomin J Thachankary, met suspected terrorists during a visit to Qatar in January this year.

The state home department has not initiated action against a former SP accused of sabotaging the arrest of SIMI activists from a camp in Alwaye near Kochi in August 2006. Though 18 hardcore activists took part in the camp, the police – allegedly under instructions from the SP – only arrested five and let off the rest. They would later mastermind the Jaipur and Bangalore blasts.
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3676  General Category / Health and Fitness / Strengthening weak teeth on: July 21, 2010, 01:42:53 PM
Strengthening weak teeth

Have you ever wondered why teeth become loose? And have you observed that in earlier times it was more common to come across people who had all their teeth removed and replaced with a new set of artificial dentures? Fortunately, this is on the decrease, thanks to the progress of dentistry over the years.

Teeth are anchored to the jaw bones firmly by a thin elastic tissue called the periodontal ligament. Factors which affect the ligament and the supporting bone can loosen the teeth resulting in mobility of varying degrees or thus weakening the teeth. This situation may be acute, temporary and reversible, chronic, long-standing or manageable. The former is invariable painful and may or may not have infection while the latter may be painless and is usually accompanied with some amount of infection. Teeth loosening in some cases may be so bad the teeth may be exfoliated.

There are systemic, genetic and local factors which may cause mobility of teeth and the treatment is planned after understanding all the factors involved and with the information obtained by necessary x-rays. We may see a combination of various aspects in a single patient. Smoking, alcohol consumption and diabetes mellitus seem to affect people more commonly but also included are those caused by drugs and hormonal problems. However, the most common reason would be plain neglect and bad oral hygiene due to lack of information and regular maintenance.

The facilities available to a dentist to manage such problems are in a wide range but essentially boils down to the fact of removing all the plaque, tartar formations, performing gum surgery (via laser included) where needed, removing all the infection and thereby reducing all inflammation of the supporting structures of the teeth. Proper management of periodontal disease will help control and improve the surrounding tissues and thus provide and environment to strengthen the teeth. Synthetic bone grafting is possible in special locations to strengthen the supporting bone and teeth. These are available in various types. Splinting teeth together (joining them up or tying them) will strengthen them to the extent that they are in a better position to resist masticatory forces. This will help to prolong the life and retention of natural teeth. With splinting, smaller individual teeth will function as one larger unit, offering better resistance to the chewing forces. There are several methods to achieve this and each situation needs to be assessed properly, and a proper treatment plan evolved.

No matter what sophisticated methods and plans are adopted, without proper follow-ups, patient education and day-to-day care, the situation may relapse or fail earlier than the expected time.

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3677  General Category / The Newsroom / Norwegian stuck in limbo with twins not genetically her own on: July 21, 2010, 01:11:56 PM
Norwegian stuck in limbo with twins not genetically her own

MUMBAI: It’s a story that defies conventional norms and seeks to redefine questions of law and ethics across boundaries. An unusual surrogacy case that has opened a can of worms came to light early this month when it was discovered that a Norwegian mother was trying to return to her home country with twin boys who share no genetic link with her.

In May 2009, Andras Bell (name changed) approached Rotunda fertility clinic in Bandra and commissioned a surrogacy. As she was suffering from premature ovarian failure, the 31-year-old woman, with the help of the clinic, chose a sperm donor of Scandinavian origin and an Indian egg donor. The tailor-made embryo created within 48 hours was implanted in the womb of an Indian surrogate, and her boys were born in April this year.

What Bell did not anticipate is that the now mandatory DNA test—demanded by many European consulates in the wake of the recent surrogacy controversies—revealed that she and her children were not biologically related. Bell had no genetic link with the children except that she had commissioned the surrogacy and signed a few pages at the IVF clinic stating that she would be their ‘legal mother’.

The counsul general of Norway therefore rejected Bell’s plea for travel documents and paperwork necessary step towards obtaining citizenship. Ten days ago, two Norwegian embassy representatives arrived in Mumbai and contacted Rotunda clinic. They asked for the relevant paperwork that proved Bell had commissioned the surrogacy.

“We provided all the relevant documents and two to three informed consent papers that she had signed,’’ said medical director of Rotunda Dr Gautam Allahabadia. He added that the clinic had done nothing illegal or unethical. “Embryo adoption is a well-accepted choice, and probably the only option for women who are unable to conceive naturally,’’ said Allahabadia, one of the key members who helped frame the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) draft bill guidelines.

But the guidelines—asking fertility clinics to ensure that international clients had the approval of their respective consulates to avoid visa problems for their offspring—were framed only this year, months after Bell commissioned the surrogacy.

When TOI contacted the Norwegian embassy in New Delhi on Tuesday, they refused to comment on the issue. “We are working on this case,’’ said an official. Bell, too, who is in Mumbai with the babies refused to talk to TOI. The Norwegian delegates also visited L H Hiranandani Hospital at Powai where the twins were born. The hospital authorities chose not to comment on the issue on the grounds that that their role was restricted to delivering the children.

Bell’s children are virtually in no man’s land, but the greater ethical debate is why she commissioned surrogacy when she could have just adopted a child. “One reason could be that she wanted to avoid the stringent adoption laws and believed that surrogacy was an easier path,’’ said an IVF expert. According to Allahabadia, as far as he can recall, this is the first time a Norwegian citizen has come under her country’s scanner. He said that a friend of Bell had also commissioned a surrogacy in India and returned to her country with the child, without a hitch. “I always insist that my clients be updated on their country’s laws,’’ said Allahabadia. While it is not banned in Norway, the laws limit the use of reproductive technologies in connection with surrogacy.

The two Norwegian delates, who said that the boys may not be given citizenship, mentioned that they were open to the idea of helping Bell adopt the twins provided the surrogate was named as their mother in the birth certificate. “They wanted the surrogate to be named so that Bell could adopt them from her. But the ICMR guidelines clearly states that only the client’s name be listed as a parent in the birth certificate,’’ said Allahabadia. The Indian surrogate cannot be named.

The fate of the two boys is not known: the chances of them being listed for adoption are very high. “There is no way the children can be granted citizenship as per the Indian laws. It will be difficult for Bell to prove that she is their mother in any court of law,’’ said legal expert Amit Karkhanis. “Worse, the children could end up for adoption.’’

Last heard, with no alternative in sight, Bell has already begun the adoption procedure. TOI News
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3678  General Category / General Discussion / 'I was programmed to be a genius' on: July 21, 2010, 12:06:18 PM
'I was programmed to be a genius'

MUMBAI: Tathagat Avatar Tulsi's parents merely smiled when their son was named among the world's seven most gifted youngsters in 2003; they had, after all, planned for it well before he was born. Indeed, in the realms of sci-fi, he would be known as a programmed child.

Prof Tulsi Narayan Prasad, an advocate at the Supreme Court and a serious practitioner of astro-genetics, had to fight the world around him when he proposed that the sex of a to-be-born child could be manipulated. He proved his theory right by declaring well in advance that he was going to have a male child.

"The sceptics brushed it off as an act of nature. I decided to have another male child. And, when that too happened, people stopped making snide remarks. Somewhere around that time I thought of producing a genius child," he told TOI with a smile on the day 22-year-old Tathagat passed through the portals of IIT as its youngest faculty. Tathagat, according to a dictionary on Hindu names, means a child who has a quick mind with the ability to accomplish a great deal in a short period of time. He has clearly already achieved that and a lot more.

"It's a science called eugenics," Tulsi Prasad said, explaining the way his genius child was conceived. "By employing it, we can ensure that the child achieves the desired traits. As I knew what we wanted, we followed the prescription for a genius mind. Human body is a perfect institution. Nature has made it self-sufficient. For organised production of required chemicals, there are glands which could be (altered)..."

He explained: "I and my wife had to plan everything in the process of having the child, right from our diet to our mood to the sex itself."

Tathagat showed no sign of anxiety as he met some of his students at the Powai institution on Monday. "They were all very excited to meet me. They clicked pictures and I felt very much at ease. Let's see how the actual teaching goes, though," he added.

But Tathagat, dressed in a light green shirt and dark trousers, hardly looked like a professor. He smiled and laughed like a teenager when asked about girlfriends but his face turned intense the moment the questions veered towards science.

Hailed as a child prodigy, he finished high school when he was just nine, B.Sc by the time he was 10 and M.Sc before he turned 12. "It wasn't surprising at all as my parents had told me that I was programmed before birth to be genius. I knew I was different when I discovered that I was more fascinated by physics while the others my age were into sports and games," he said.

Initially, however, it was a trifle disturbing, he admitted on Monday. "But I soon learnt to cope with it. I hung out with people with whom I could talk about quantum physics. But now I have learnt the art of pretending to be ‘normal'," he added.

"I finished reading A Brief History of Time (by Stephen Hawking) when I was six. I loved it even though I didn't understand everything there," he said, giving glimpses of what it was like to grow up as a programmed child.

And who was his role model? Albert Einstein, he said, without a blink. "My dream is to win a Nobel," he added. "I would like to develop quantum software to solve problems that cannot be cracked by classical computers," he said.

Tathagat may be sure of why his past has been like it was but would not like to stare too much into the future. "Fifty years is too far away to think about and plan for. But I do know what I want in the next five years," he laughed.

If what ever Prof Tulsi Narayan Prasad has mentioned is true then will all the would be parents flock to get his formula to get genius child and that too a male genius child?.Will this indiactes that we can write our own fate and in turnthere is no god and we are the God? FOTN MEMBERS YRS VIEWS PL.
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3679  General Category / Health and Fitness / Cashew seed extract good for diabetics on: July 20, 2010, 02:06:20 PM
Cashew seed extract good for diabetics

Cashew seed extract has anti-diabetic properties, a new study has found.

The study was conducted by researchers at University of Montreal (Canada) and the Université de Yaoundé (Cameroun).

Diabetes is caused when a person has high blood sugar because their body does not respond well to insulin and/or does not produce enough of the hormone.

"Of all the extracts tested, only cashew seed extract significantly stimulated blood sugar absorption by muscle cells," says senior author Pierre S. Haddad, a pharmacology professor at the University of Montreal’s Faculty of Medicine.

Cashew tree products have long been alleged to be effective anti-inflammatory agents, counter high blood sugar and prevent insulin resistance among diabetics.

"Our study validates the traditional use of cashew tree products in diabetes and points to some of its natural components that can serve to create new oral therapies," adds Dr. Haddad, who is also director of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research Team in Aboriginal Anti-Diabetic Medicines at the University of Montreal.

The study has been published in Molecular Nutrition and Food Research journal.

T O I News.
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3680  General Category / The Newsroom / Woman performs dad's last rites on: July 20, 2010, 12:39:54 PM
Woman performs dad's last rites

MYSORE: Social mores in India are changing, albeit at a snail's pace. While one occasionally hears of a woman lighting a funeral pyre, performing last rites remains a male preserve. Hence, what senior KAS officer B G Indiramma did recently stands out. She not only performed her father's last rites but also had her head tonsured — as a son would have — against the wishes of her family.

Indiramma, an accounts officer with the Mysore Urban Development Authority, has four sisters. When her father Govindegowda died a fortnight ago, unmindful of all criticism, she lit the pyre after completing all rituals. Many were stunned when she asked the barber to tonsure her head just before the rituals.

Indiramma told TOI she had no qualms about losing her crowning glory. She had promised her mother she would perform her last rites as all her children were girls. “Three years ago, when my mother Alamma died, there was a ruckus at the cremation ground as the men, including my uncles and their sons, strongly opposed the idea and prevailed upon me not to break a ritual restricted to males,” she says. She was physically taken away from the cremation ground.

“I promised my father I would not succumb to any pressure and would perform his obsequies,” Indiramma says. She was more cautious this time and gave no inkling of her plans to her relatives. “Even my husband reluctantly agreed.” She struck down her husband's idea of allowing one of her two sons to perform the last rites.

Indiramma, a Vokkaliga, says there is no bar on women performing obsequies. “Puranas and Smruthis mention women in this regard.” She cites strong support of ethics and scriptures for her decision, which is being criticized by many of her relatives and friends.

Hats off to this lady's commitment and determination .

It wld be an eye opener to all parents who discriminates between boys and girls
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